Requirements of cosmetics packaging and labeling i

2022-08-18
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According to reports, global cosmetics consumption has increased rapidly in recent years, with an annual growth rate of more than 10% and an annual consumption of $50billion

the United States is the main market for cosmetics consumption in the world, and it is strongly dependent on imports. The United States has been managing cosmetics for more than 50 years and has strict requirements on the instructions on cosmetics labels. In the U.S. market, both domestic cosmetics and imported cosmetics must comply with the federal food, drug and Cosmetics Act, the commodity packaging and Labeling Act and other relevant regulations. For cosmetics labels, the United States requires the following items to be indicated:

first, product name. Including the description of the name, product nature, purpose and the accurate net weight of the contents. If the safety of the product has not been fully tested, the label must indicate that the safety of this product has not been determined

II. Name and address of manufacturer or distributor. The address must include street, city, state and postal code. If the distributor is not a manufacturer or wholesaler, it must be stated in the label according to the specified sentence

III. product composition. In the United States, product ingredients are required to be indicated on the labels of retail cosmetics for personal use. The indicated ingredients must be in English, and the order of ingredients is determined according to their dosage and main purpose. For cosmetics belonging to drugs, the active pharmaceutical ingredients are ranked before the cosmetic ingredients, and the pigments and ingredients with a content of less than or equal to 1% can be ranked regardless of the dosage order. Generally, the order is: active drug ingredients, ingredients with dosage of no more than 1%, pigments, and other ingredients. When specifying the ingredients, the legal names of the ingredients used should be adopted. The ingredients that do not need to be specified with the approval of FDA can be marked as "other ingredients"

IV. warning words. According to FDA regulations, the prescribed warning words and precautions should be marked on the labels of some products. For those products that may cause harm when mistaken by consumers on the whole, FDA requires that in addition to warning words, safe use methods should be explained to guide consumers to use them correctly and safely. For example:

1. For depilants, straighteners, shampoos, shampoos and conditioner, appropriate warning words and safety instructions should be marked

2. some products should be marked, such as "avoid spraying into the eyes", "there is pressure in the container, do not drill or burn", "put it out of the reach of children", etc

3. aerosol products containing hydrocarbon projectiles must be marked, such as "use according to instructions, concentration, abuse and inhalation of contents may be harmful, or even life-threatening"

4. for hair dyes containing unapproved coal tar dyes, it must be noted in the label: "this product contains ingredients that cause skin irritation to some individuals. The skin reaction must be tested first according to the instructions. Do not use it to dye eyebrows and eyelashes, otherwise it may cause blindness." At the same time, a detailed patch test method should be provided to detect skin allergy

5. For nail hardeners with formaldehyde as an epidemic ingredient, warning words should let consumers know the consequences of misuse and the possible harmful effects on allergic people, and make safe use instructions

v. for the labels of sunscreen products, FDA has issued special regulations prohibiting the use of certain specific words that may mislead and confuse consumers, said Fu Xiangsheng, vice president of the China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation, such as "sunblock", "water proof", "all day protection" Words such as "visible and infrared protection". In addition, FDA also requires that all sunscreen products must list 16 ingredients that can be used for sunscreen

in addition, sunscreen products must be tested to verify the content of sunscreen factor (SPF), so that consumers can know the sunscreen ability of the product. Sunscreen products must be able to provide low, medium or high protection. For many sunscreen products with SPF content of more than 30, the label is simplified to 30 +

the label of sunscreen products should tell consumers not to overexposure to the sun and wear protective clothing. While letting consumers understand that using sunscreen products can reduce skin aging, skin cancer and other diseases, it should also provide information about the harmful circular economy model of overexposure to the sun, emphasizing the organization of economic activities into a feedback process of "resources, products and renewable resources"

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